ARTOIS - Arras, Aubers, Fromelles, Loos, N. D. de Lorette and Vimy
AUBERS & FROMELLES
The Aubers Ridge today has a remarkable collection of German bunkers which repulsed the British and Australian attacks here in 1915 & 1916 with heavy loses.
LOOS - 1915
The British attack at Loos in Sept 1915 was initially successful but their failure to deploy reinforcements in time led to over 50,000 casualties, including the life of the son of Rudyard Kipling.
NOTRE DAME DE LORETTE
After its loss to the Germans in 1914 the French fought furiously for seven months to recapture this hill with its extensive views over Arras.
Vimy Ridge, with its commanding views over the Lens plain, was captured by the Canadians on April 12 1917 after a supremely well executed attack.
A front line town which suffered from heavy shelling throughout the war, its network of 14th century 'boves - caves and tunnels - provided invaluable shelter for Allied troops.